Bengal cats and kittens Ekambar
 Bengals, Bengal cat breeder California Bengals

Some infectious diseases common to Bengal cats and other breeds are listed below.

Feline Infectious Diseases

FELINE PANLEUKOPENIA: Is an infection produced by the panleukopenia virus and is one of the leading cause of mortality in kittens. This virus is very contagious and spreads by direct contact of an infected animal or its secretions. It can survive for more  than a year in carpets and furniture. The virus is resistant to common cleaning supplies but can be eradicated using a solution of bleach and water (1:32).

Feline panleukopenia virus has a high affinity for white blood cells (which are responsible for the body’s immunity) so if the cat is not treated, a secondary bacterial infection is usually the cause of death. Cats that survive acquire immunity against the disease.

Signs and symptoms include fever, loss of appetite, vomit, and abdominal pain.

The most important way of prevention is vaccination.                   

FELINE VIRAL RESPIRATORY DISEASE COMPLEX: Are contagious and serious illnesses rating high among cause of death in young cats and kittens (about 50%). The virus responsible for these diseases are the herpesvirus (feline rhinotracheitis virus) and the calicivirus.

This disease complex is spread by direct contact with infected secretions from eyes, nose, and mouth.  It is also indirectly transmitted  by contaminated human hands, litter box, and water bowls. Signs and symptoms are: sneezing, conjunctivitis, watery discharge from nose and eyes, loss of appetite, and fever.

Once again, vaccination is the best way to prevent the disease.              

FELINE LEUKEMIA: The FeLV (feline leukemia virus) is responsible for more cat disease than any other infectious agent. The virus spreads by contact with saliva or nasal secretions from an affected cat. Even though Asian Leopard Cats are resistant to this disease veterinarians believe that this resistance declines in later generations.

About 30 percent of the cats develop a transient viremia that lasts about 12 weeks. The disease does not progress, the cat heals and can t transmit the illness. Another 30 percent continue with the viremia and are prone to fatal infectious diseases. About 30 percent of the cats develop cancer months or years after contact. The other 5-10 percent develop a latent infection that can be activated when the cat is under stress or sick.

Signs and symptoms include mild fever, anemia, lack of appetite, weight loss, lethargy, respiratory distress, vomiting, and liver or kidney disease.

Prevention is achieved through vaccination.

RABIES: Is a fatal disease that affects all mammals except rodents. Reservoirs of virus can be raccoons, skunks, and bats; however, the main source of infection are bites from infected dogs and cats. Rabies is transmitted directly through saliva. Because the virus travels to the brain along the nerves, the more distant the bite is from the head, the longer the incubation period is.

Signs and symptoms are due to inflammation of the brain (encephalitis). Cats become irritable and aggressive. They avoid light and hide. Then they develop tremors, muscle twitching, staggering, incoordination, violent convulsions, and death.

Because there is no effective treatment for rabies, be sure your cat is properly vaccinated. Vaccines are administrated at 8 weeks of age and then again after a year.

If your cat has been bitten by an animal who is not known to be free of rabies immediately wash the wound with soap and  water. Your cat should also be given  a booster shot as soon as possible after the bite.

This cat was diagnosed with feline  rhinotracheitis   

          Cat infected with         Panleukopenia virus

Cat infected with the leukemia virus

Cat infected with rabies

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy